26.4.14

Why SMRT and SBS Transit Prices increase/surge?

If you haven't notice, the prices of SMRT and SBS Transit soared to S$1.205 and S$1.315 respectively, up almost 20% from wednesday (23 Apr) closing prices!!

SGX has also launched an investigation/query to investigate on the unusual trading activity.

But what actually happened... I received an analyst report stating 2 possible reasons:

Scenario 1 


Railway Financing Framework in place - Highly possible – The house believes that SMRT is making inroads with regulators regarding the accounting of asset transfers under the new rail-financing framework. This is assume to be very close to a conclusion. 

In short, the end result will be a predictable cash flows and a more sustainable financing model, which will alter the fate of the company. Under the new rail financing framework, LTA will collect a licence charge that the operator will pay for the right to run and generate returns from the revenue service. The monies received will be pooled together to replace and enhance operating equipment such as trains, signaling systems and other operating assets for operating the Railway Transport System (RTS). 

The licence charge comprises fixed and variable components. The fixed component is calibrated to take into account factors such as the viability of the line, its long-term operational and maintenance needs, and the benefits and costs that the line is likely to bring to/impose on the rest of the railway network. The variable component ensures the appropriate level of risk-sharing between government and the operator. 

CIMB modelled in significant amount of service enhancement works that would be completed within the next 24 months, related costs would taper, leading to margin recovery in FY15F. As such, the house sees a 36% yoy improvement on core net profit (FY15 net profit S$84m).

The shift/change in business model (to cost-plus model, if indeed this happen) will would also go a long way into reversing SMRT’s bus losses 12-18 months from now and significantly improve margins, earnings and cash flows. This should help mitigate the incremental costs required to improve the other related opex, which are currently causing severe the cost-revenue misalignment.

Scenario 2: Nationalization of SMRT 


- Lower possibility – Though not ruled out entirely, is the possibility of nationalizing the company. CIMB however do not think it is in the interest of the government to “own” back the company, and subject itself to further abuse from disgruntled commenters whenever trains breakdown, or fare increase is necessitated. 

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